In Lewis Carroll ‘s books, particularly “ Alice in Wonderland ” , the writer enters into the head of a kid a singular sum, hence he aimed to fulfill the kid ( Clark, 1982: 65-76 ) . But he besides satisfied grownups with this book and while reading the book it challenges the grownup ‘s thoughts of a theoretical account kid who is submissive or obedient. What is a submissive kid? When we hear that inquiry we automatically think of a kid that is really obedient. So a submissive kid would be a kid that would shy away from stating what it thought or shy away from making its ends. This normally happens when person has an opposing end and so the submissive individual dorsums down. A submissive kid would seek their best to avoid upsetting person because they are afraid that they would upset them and ache their feelings. Besides, if something went incorrect and it was person ‘s mistake so a submissive individual would assume they are to fault and would accept this incrimination if they were singled out by others but would besides fault themselves if they were non singled out ( hypertext transfer protocol: //changingminds.org/techniques/assertiveness/submissive_behavior.htm, 13/10/2010 ) . Therefore would n’t a parent want a kid that was n’t to wild and dint cause problem like a submissive kid? Would n’t the submissive kid be a parent ‘s theoretical account kid? But is Alice a submissive kid?
Beverly Leon Clark said:
“ Childs can still bask the bunk of the books, even if grownups feel that full comprehension requires an grownup intelligence. What is going progressively clear, nevertheless, is that the Alice books are for both kids and grownups ” ( Clark, 1982: 65-76 ) .
This book is good suited to both kids and grownups as said above but what it does for grownups is that it challenges their thoughts. Carroll opens the book with Alice sitting with her sister and you think that Alice is merely a quiet miss who minds her ain concern and who likes to do daisy ironss like in chapter one but this is Carroll utilizing symbolism to portray a submissive Alice but throughout her journey in the book she is non truly submissive. It is in fact Alice that is the “ theoretical account kid ” . Alice provides many illustrations throughout the book to turn out she is non a submissive kid and it is because of this that adult ‘s thoughts are challenged about the “ theoretical account kid ” . Alice does non come across as a great or black kid. She merely has a singular wonder but that ‘s what you would anticipate from a kid of Alice ‘s age. She is a smart kid and this is apparent in chapter one when she does non imbibe the toxicant in the bottle that says “ DRINK ME ” until she has looked at the label to see if it was toxicant foremost ( Carroll, 2008: 8 ) . Besides in chapter 1 is the bar that Alice came across when she has grown to large which said “ EAT ME ” ( Carroll, 2008: 11 ) . Again her intelligence is demonstrated when she considers what the bar can make before trying it, which once more further demonstrates her intelligence. This facet of intelligently believing things through would be a characteristic you believe the so called theoretical account kid would hold.
Alice in Wonderland challenges the thought of the submissive theoretical account kid by giving its readers the antonym to a submissive theoretical account kid, with Alice being the antonym. We know that a submissive kid avoids stating things that will upset people, or in this instance, animate beings. But Alice does quite the antonym and this is apparent when she upsets the mouse in chapter two by speaking about her cat Dinah and so gaining the mouse hated cats and she did it once more by traveling on about the Canis familiaris merely to eventually gain she should non be speaking about either of them as the mouse has had bad experiences with both ( Carroll, 2008: 20-23 ) . In chapter three she does the same once more though, merely this clip she scars off all the birds by speaking about Dinah her cat ( Carroll, 2008: 33-34 ) . She does non admit herself making these things. She merely realises when she sees the reaction of the other animate beings and this is in contrast to a submissive kid because if Alice was one so she would hold tried her best to non advert Dinah or the Canis familiaris and would hold avoided upsetting their feelings.
As said before, our thoughts of the submissive kid are challenged because Alice is non a submissive kid, she does non inherit the features of an obedient kid. Alice expresses her sentiments and she is good able to stand up for herself and we see that at the tea party with the huffy hatmaker and the March hare and besides in the test scene. Alice is a funny miss who has assurance and will oppugn anyone if she does non understand anything and we see this throughout the book. So Alice has a figure of great qualities for a kid and from reading the book it seems that Alice is an self-asserting kid alternatively of a submissive 1 because she has regard for other animate beings even though they can speak and some she has ne’er seen earlier, like the Cheshire cat with the immense smile. The Cheshire cat seems to be the lone character who attempts to understand Alice and the cat does non see Alice as a submissive kid but huffy, like everything else in wonderland ( Carroll, 1992: 334-344 ) . She stands up for herself and she ever has assurance in herself and her ain intelligence and that is apparent in the scene where she meets the caterpillar and has to eat the right portion of the mushroom to cut down her size. She shows these self-asserting qualities throughout the book therefore Alice ‘s journey through wonderland challenges our thoughts of the submissive kid by dragging the reader into the book and leting them to see these qualities themselves through a figure of scenes. In the book you get the feeling that there is no set narrative so you feel like you are following the development of Alice as a kid as she experiences these dream like creative activities.
We learn more about Alice ‘s character in chapter five when she meets the caterpillar but it is when she meets the pigeon that we see her self-asserting side. The conversation she has with the pigeon does non demo any sort of submissiveness. The pigeon accuses her of being a snake but Alice stands up to him and says “ I ‘m non a snake ” ( Carroll, 2008: 58 ) . She did non cognize what the pigeon was speaking about but yet she had the regard for it to let it to speak: “ I ‘m really regretful you ‘ve been annoyed ” ( Carroll, 2008: 59 ) , but she besides had regard for herself and stood up for herself and from above we know that one time person attempts to state a submissive individual who they are they agree cause they are excessively afraid to differ, it is her that we truly notice Alice being her ain individual and that ‘s interesting because she is in this unknown land and she has adapted so fast to this new universe.
In Alice in Wonderland it is chapter 12 that is the most of import chapter. The chapter shows how much Alice has grown in character and puts an terminal to any of the suggestions that Alice was a submissive kid. We see that Alice has grown in tallness bigger than she has been throughout the book and this could be a symbol for how much she has grown as a individual. We have seen that Alice is able to stand up for herself and she shows great bravery when she stands up to the male monarch and queen in the test when they try to state her that she is a mile high ( Carroll, 2008: 152 ) . She puts an terminal to any thoughts of submissiveness, which the male monarch and queen would hold thought she would hold had, when she corrects the male monarch when he says that “ all individuals more than a mile high to go forth the tribunal ” and he says that it ‘s the oldest regulation in the book and Alice says that he merely made it up and that it should so be the first regulation in the book if it ‘s the oldest ( Carroll, 2008: 152 ) . This shows how much Alice has developed and further backs up the statement that she is an self-asserting kid. She continues to do acquire rid of her small girl image when she stands up to the queen and tells her: “ who cares for you? ” ( Carroll, 2008: 158 ) . She does non care who she upsets, even if it is the queen.
Virginia Wolf made a remark on Alice in wonderland that sums up Alice absolutely. She said: “ To go a kid is to be really actual ; to happen everything so unusual that nil is surprising ; to be heartless, to be ruthless, yet to be so passionate that a rebuff or a shadow drapes the universe in somberness. It is so to be Alice in Wonderland ” ( Woolf, 1967: 254-255 ) .
We see throughout the book Alice ‘s development as a kid maturing and she provided many illustrations that she is non a submissive kid because if she was so this escapade would non hold been so interesting and gratifying to read, we would hold had a deadening book that we would non hold finished if she was submissive. Carroll gives us an image of a realistic kid in a absorbing escapade that is in fact Alice ‘s personality and this book will go on to pull the attending of a really wide audience for old ages to come ( Clark, 1982: 65-76 ) .